Chaperones such as phenylbutyrate and curcumin can be used to treat conditions with misfolded proteins such as ATP7 in Wilson Disease.
Hepatology. 2009 Dec;50(6):1783-95.
Reduced expression of ATP7B affected by Wilson disease-causing mutations is rescued by pharmacological folding chaperones 4-phenylbutyrate and curcumin.
van den Berghe PV, Stapelbroek JM, Krieger E, de Bie P, van de Graaf SF, de Groot RE, van Beurden E, Spijker E, Houwen RH, Berger R, Klomp LW.
Phenylbutyrate also has other pharmacological effects, such as HDAC inhibition,Â â†“ stability of HSC70 mRNA leading to â†“ degradation of Î”F508 CFTR, â†‘ PPARG activation, isoprenylation inhibition, and â†“ methylation. These properties render it an attractive compound for the treatment of other genetic conditions such as cystic fibrosis and thalassemias.